The Dapple Dachshund: Characteristics, History, and More

The dapple pattern is one of the 15 Dachshund coat types we come across. The coat of a dapple Dachshund has patches of light colors that contrast with the base color. These lighter patches are more visible with darker base colors, such as black, chocolate, black and tan, chocolate and tan, and red.

Dapple Dachshund Puppy

The coat of dapple Dachshunds looks the way it does because of the merle gene – the similar gene found in Australian Shepherds and Collies.


The Dapple Dachshund History

The dapple Dachshund isn’t a new color pattern. In fact, dapple Dachshunds are as old as the breed itself.  Although the exact year and place their origins remain unknown, Dachshunds are believed to have existed since ancient Egypt. A dapple Dachshund has also been seen in one of Napoleon Bonaparte’s portraits.

According to a report published in the National Dog Magazine in 1988, two large dapple Dachshund kennels existed in Saxony, Germany in 1848. Those kennels even hired breeding managers to facilitate the breeding of “pure” dapple Dachshunds.


The Dapple Dachshund Genetics

The merle gene causes dapple patterns in Dachshunds. It is also the same gene that causes light patches in the coats of merle Collies, merle Australian Shepherds, harlequin Doberman Pinschers, and harlequin Great Danes. The same gene can also cause dogs to have blue eyes.

The merle gene is labeled as “M” in scientific research. Non-dapple or non-merle dogs have the gene combination “mm.”  The gene is dominant, which means one parent must be a dapple Dachshund to produce dapple Doxie puppies. A dapple Dachshund has the gene combination “Mm.”


The Double Dapple Dachshund

Can a Dachshund have two dapple parents? The answer is yes. When two dapple Dachshunds are bred together, their offspring will have the “MM” combination and they will be called double dapple Dachshunds.

Double Dapple Dachshund - Flickr

Kersti Nebelsiek/WikimediaCommons (CC-BY-2.0)

Double dapple Dachshunds have noticeably larger patches of white or lighter fur than dapple Dachshunds. Compared to the dapple Dachshund, most of the double dapple Dachshunds have white coat instead of the regular self-colors like black and tan, chocolate and tan, and red.

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Breeding double Dachshund puppies has been frowned upon by many reputable breeders because it causes the offspring to suffer from health issues including the following.

  • Deafness
  • Blindness
  • Missing eyes
  • Missing ears
  • Reduced eye size
  • Congenital defects

Because of potential health risks, the Dachshund Club of America removed the double dapple pattern from the breed standard in 2007.

It must be noted that not all double dapple Dachshunds have congenital defects. Some experienced breeders manage to produce double dapple Dachshunds without any problems. Despite the success stories, many Dachshund breeders and enthusiasts have expressed their disapproval toward breeding double dapples.


The Dapple Dachshund Price

Generally, dapple Dachshund puppies cost between $200 and $4,000. The price varies and depends on the pedigree, the sex of the pup, and the area or establishment where from you plan to get the puppy.

Dapple Dachshund

Reputable and responsible breeders can charge a little higher since they often run health tests and screenings on their breeding dogs. They also make sure that their puppies receive immunizations from certain diseases, such as canine distemper, canine parvovirus, and canine adenovirus before they are sent to their new home.

Female dogs and those who came from “champion” bloodlines may also cost higher. Dapple Dachshunds with one or two blue eyes may command a lower price. Be wary of opportunistic breeders who try selling double dapple Dachshunds at a higher price – marketing the dogs as “rare.”

Pet stores may sell dapple Dachshund puppies from $200 to $1,000 each. But getting a puppy from pet stores is not recommended. Most pet stores source their puppies from puppy mills, where breeding dogs are treated inhumanely.

If you wish to get a dapple Dachshund while supporting the animal welfare community, you may choose to adopt one from a Dachshund rescue group or an animal shelter near you. However, rescue organizations often have their dogs neutered to prevent opportunistic people from pretending to adopt dogs only to use them for breeding. Dapple Dachshund puppies from rescue groups or shelters may not have pedigree papers. Adopting a dapple Dachshund is a cheaper alternative as it will only cost you $50 to $100, including the adoption fee.

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